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White Mountain Apache Tribe

  • The White Mountain Apache Tribe is located in the east central region of Arizona, 194 miles northeast of Phoenix. On November 9, 1891, by Executive Order the Fort Apache Indian Reservation was established. It is now known as the White Mountain Apache Reservation.

  • The White Mountain Apaches reside on 1.6 million acres at its ancestral homeland on the Fort Apache Indian Reservation.

  • Whiteriver, the capital, is the largest community with over 2,500 residents.

  • The White Mountain Apache tribe is composed of about 15,500 tribal members who reside on the 1.6 million acre Fort Apache reservation.

  • More than half (54%) of the tribal members are younger than 25 years. (Mullany, B., Barlow, A., Goklish, N., Larzelere-Hinton, F., Cwik, M., Craig, M., et al., 2009)

  • The land that is spread over the reservation’s 1.6 million acres varies in terrain, from the reservation owned ski slopes (approximately 11,000 feet at the top peak), to the ponderosa pine and aspen covered grounds of recreational hunting and lake areas as well as the tribe’s casino (around 7,000 feet), to the town of Whiteriver’s (approximately 5,000 feet) valley of sparse trees and high desert shrubs.The White Mountain Apache are the direct descendants of the original tribes that lived in that area.The people were once nomadic, however, they now occupy permanent dwellings.


Reference:Mullany, B., Barlow, A., Goklish, N., Larzelere-Hinton, F., Cwik, M., Craig, M., et al. (2009). Toward Understanding Suicide Among Youths: Results From the White Mountain Apache Tribally Mandated Suicide Surveillance System, 2001--2006. American Journal of Public Health, 99(10), 1840-1848. Retrieved from Academic Search Premier database.Meyer, J. (2001). Age: 2000, Census 2000 Brief. C2KBR/01-12,1-12. Washington DC: US Census Bureau.

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